My grandmother's line of the Jerman family became urbanised - to the extent of living within the town of Llanidloes - and she and her brothers, sisters and their respective spouses, lived through almost the whole of the twentieth century in this area.  This group's connection with their agricultural backgound was effectively severed when their grandfather (Daniel Jerman 1848-1924) moved to Cwmparc, Treorchy to work as a coal-miner.  He had been born on Bedw farm, but married into a miller's family and thus, by 1870s, had already precipitated his and his descendants' move away from direct contact with the land.  This was no different to many Jerman sons who by this time found fewer and fewer opportunities to support themselves in farming, even if they had wanted to.   Daniel Jerman's sons - Edward (1873-1943) and Daniel (1876-?) worked well away from farming - in building, construction, and ironmongery.  Their and especially their children's working lives became governed by the rhythms of an already industrial society and their leisure interests would reflect this.  Industrial rather than pre-industrial concepts of leisure differ because stricter demarcation of time exists between working and non-working lives in an industrial society.    Timetables, working days and weeks defined when and where leisure time could be spent.   


Days out were accompanied by picnics and flasks of tea.  This moorland study - somewhere almost certainly within an hour's drive of Llanidloes - contains two Jerman sisters and one of their husbands - Llanidloes shopkeeper Maldwyn Evans.  That they are urbanites now trespassing on the land of only their near ancestors is evident from their dress.   Family photograph held by G. Jones.


Links with farming cousins - whether or not known or acknowledged - did nonetheless take place through organisations such as the Women's Institute.   There were many WI branches in the Llanidloes area to which all decent, respectable and forward-thinking women belonged.  One of the mainstay activities was craft  - here, basket-weaving in perhaps the late 1940s.   Mary Enid Jones (Jerman) is 2nd from left, back row.  Family photograph held by G. Jones.


Aberystwyth - some thirty miles west - was a tremendously popular destination for people from both mid-Wales and from the West Midlands, further afield.   The attractions were two-fold - the perceived benefits of the sea-air and the shops.  Left, Edna Jerman, perhaps in Aberystwyth, with mother Sarah Anne (perhaps 1929 - maybe taken on same day as family portrait below). Family photograph held by G. Jones.


Edna Jerman, with friends, and the only lady riding side-saddle.  This photograph was probably taken in the late 1920s.  Family photograph held by G. Jones.


The Belle Vue Hotel still exists at Aberwystwyth and can just be picked out here in the background, right.   The photograph of this busy scene may well have been taken in 1929 as it almost certainly shows (L-R) Sarah Anne Jerman (1873-1933), her son Daniel Ewart, his son Kenneth (b. 1928) and his wife Evangeline.  Family photograph held by G. Jones.

The young man on the left, Maldwyn Evans, would marry a Jerman in the 1930s but he came from town and from trade - his father was manager of the Newtown co-operative stores.  While father and son appear interested in gardening, their tools and acreage are certainly not on the agricultural scale of their future Jerman in-laws.  Family photograph held by G. Jones.

Another road-side stop; location unknown.   Edna Jerman in foreground.     Family photograph held by G. Jones.

From the "Express and Times" February 23, 1952: "Van Ladies Club members who have a successful basket-weaving and embroidery class, photographed on Wednesday with their instructress, Miss Agnes Jones of Llawryglyn".

"Members of the Bwlchyffrid (near Aberhafesp) Ladies Guild have recently applied themselves to stool-making, with commendable results…" Date unknown.  Mrs M.E. Jones (Jerman) front left.  date maybe late 1940s.

A selection of shops in Welshpool; date of newspaper cutting unknown

Scanned advertisements to local establishments on this page are taken from (1)  guidebook to "Llanidloes & Plynlimon", publication date unknown, but probably 1920s-1930s, written by the "late E Horsfall-Turner".  Horsfall-Turner was a Llanidloes headmaster and local historian who wrote the well-known "Municipal History of Llanidloes" (!916)  (2) Guidebook issued under the auspices of the town council: "Llanidloes Montogomeryshire and the Gateway to Plynlimon" - initialled  "C.E.V.O." for author - this was local historian Cecil Edward Vaughan-Owen, although the text is an updated, but barely-disguised version of the first booklet.  It was published in the late 1960s as the Clywedog Dam system was being constructed.

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