Cwmparc 1910-1924


Copy of Obituary kindly provided by Mr David Phillips of Rhondda Research

                                   from "The Glamorgan Free Press and Rhondda Leader", 21 November 1924.

Burial records for Treorchy Cemetery, in the Rhondda Valley, South Wales, record the death, aged 71, on 13 April 1923, of Elizabeth Jerman, wife of Daniel Jerman, residents of 301 Park Road, Cwmparc (which is slightly to the west of Treorchy).  It is a long slab of a road, tight-packed with the small terraced houses typical of Rhondda mining communities.  Her newspaper obituary states that she was "the grandmother of Madam Jerman Davies, who is "well known in Rhondda concert circles", although no contemporary reference to her has yet been found. Later, on 12 November 1924, Daniel Jerman died aged 76.   

Although he had apparently made a visit to the area as a young man, he can first properly be found in Cwmparc in 1911, resident at No. 5 Park Road, Boarder and Below-Ground Colliery Labourer. He was 62 and away from his wife, Elizabeth.  Whatever their plans might have been after leaving both Glyngynwydd Mill and the inn at Cwmbelan, it is undoubted force of economic circumstance that drew Daniel Jerman to this mining valley, and his choice was no random one.  Parc Colliery at Cwmparc was a favourite destination for the men - young and old - of mid-Wales seeking their fortunes away from the farms they grew up on.   It was owned through the Ocean Coal Company by the famous industrialist David Davies, originally of Llandinam (3 miles east of Llanidloes) who was highly successful in vertically integrating the whole process from extraction to shipping through his construction, from scratch, of Barry docks.  Many migrants from mid-Wales took up employment in the many Davies enterprises with the active assistance and paternal encouragement of the Davies family.

Rhondda Valleys, Cwmparc, Parc Colliery


Meanwhile, Daniel and Elizabeth Jerman's second son, also Daniel (b.1876) had previously moved south, first to Aberdare, then married in Merthyr Tydfil.  While the family history, to the present-day, of his brother Edward (of Chapel House) is well-documented, little has so far been known about Daniel.

He is known to have left mid-Wales as a young man to travel to South Wales. He is shown, in 1901, resident as a boarder in Aberdare, aged 24.

1901 Census - 7 Dean Street, Aberdare

Elizabeth Wheeler, Head, Widow, 63, Dyer and Cleaner

Nellie Wheeler, Daughter, 21

Fanny Davies, Niece, 27

Daniel Jarman, Boarder, 24, Ironmonger, Place of Birth: Montgomery, Glyngenwith Mill

John J. Jarman, Boarder, 21, Salesman in Grocery Trade, Place of Birth: Glamorgan, Briton Ferry.

Census entries do not normally show the Place of Birth to be so be detailed as Daniel's; normally, we might expect to have seen Llangurig or Llanidloes after Montgomery. Perhaps he was proud of his origins; perhaps he wanted to be found. What is clear is that there can be little doubt of his identity. What is also surprising so far about this Census entry is the presence of another Jarman as a boarder in the same establishment. He cannot be traced readily to mid-Wales, given his place of his birth, and research on his background awaits.

Daniel Jerman later married Annie Thomas at the Register Office in Merthyr Tydfil on the 12th of June, 1901. Annie's residence at the time of marriage is recorded as Paris House, Hannah Street, Porth, and her occupation as Milliner. Daniel is still at 7 Dean Street, Aberdare as an Ironmonger's Assistant. Both fathers' occupations are shown as Licensed Victualler (otherwise known as publican). Daniel's father was, still at this time, innkeeper at Cwmbelan Tavern, near Llanidloes.   It is not yet known whether the couple later had children.  It appears that Daniel died aged 29, in 1905.  Research on the circumstances of his death awaits.  


and in Cwmparc…

Sometime after 1911, Daniel's wife Elizabeth and daughter Hannah Jerman moved from the Llanidloes area to Cwmparc to join him, living at 301 Parc Road.  Hannah married Thomas Rich in 1913.   In 1911, Thomas Rich is shown as a boarder at 251 Parc Road, not too far from his future in-laws.  However, on the date of their marriage on 22 March 1913, they are shown at 23 and 24 Barnet Street respectively.  Little more is known about this family at this time although it does appear they went to live at 301 Parc Road.   

The story of Daniel and Elizabeth Jerman's lives appears to offer an interesting micro-study of occupational and geographical dislocation in a time when the overwhelming forces of industrialisation meant that Daniel Jerman's journey from birth in a remote farm, Bedw, in mid-Wales, through varying involvements in fulling and farming (at Penpompren or Glyngynwdd Mill), a tavern and coal-mining, was becoming less and less unusual.   Daniel Jerman appears to have found another final occupation as "Colliery Horsler" (as recorded on the Burial Notice) - probably "Hostler" meaning either one who was occupied with the accommodation of horses, or with railway engines. Both are possible in the context of a colliery.

The identities of the mourners at the 1924 funeral of Daniel Jerman offer a snapshot of this family:

   Mr Tom Rich: lived at 301 Park Road, with his in-laws, Daniel and Elizabeth Jerman. He married their daughter Hannah Jerman at the Parish Church of Ystradyfodwg on 22 March 1913.

   Mr George, Whitchurch, brother in law: Daniel Jerman's wife was Elizabeth George, of Glyngynwydd Mill.

   Mr Edward Jarman, Llanidloes (son): the author's great-grandfather, living at the time in Chapel House, Llanidloes.

   Mr Richard Jones, Llanidloes (brother in law): a Richard Jones had married Ann Jarman, brother of Daniel.

   Mr Tommy Beedle and Mr Jack Jones (nephews): another of Daniel's sisters had married a Beedle.

   Masters Danny & Glyndwyr Morris (grandchildren): identities as yet unknown

   Messrs. Tom Phillips and Tim Jarman (Ogmore): identities as yet unknown.

Russell Jerman, speaking in July 2003, remembered his aunt Hannah as being a very large woman - and remembered being told that, after her death at home, the undertakers were required to engage in the rather undignified process of removing her body through a window.

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