Cwmbelan 1895-1910

Cwmbelan is a small village about two miles west of Llanidloes towards Llangurig. Originally, the road between both towns ran through the village; now it is by-passed.  It is the closest settlement of any kind to Glyngynwydd/Penpompren Mill.  From here, Daniel Jerman (1848-1924) and wife Elizabeth (George) moved in around 1901, possibly due to the infirmity of Elizabeth's aged mother, Elizabeth George (1818-1901).  It was maybe she who held the mill's tenancy after the death of her husband, master miller Edward George (1815-1880) and that tenancy was about to die with her.  Maybe Daniel Jerman couldn't or wouldn't take over the mill for himself.    They moved to Belan Tavern.

Cwmbelan was also the home of the Ingram family, a daughter of which married Edward Jerman, also of Glyngynwydd Mill,  in 1895. 


This view of Cwmbelan is so far undated. The building in the left foreground is Post Office Row. Next to it, Belan Tavern has the sign and the building in the distance is the Woollen Mill. Photograph kindly provided by Norman Williams (2002).


The 1881 census records the family of Thomas Ingram as living at "Cwmbelan Road, Llangurig". At this time, the family comprised:

The recorded head of the household, Thomas Ingram, 37, Wheelwright

Ann Ingram (his second wife), 24

John Ingram, 12

Sarah A Ingram, 9

Thomas Ingram, 5 months.

Ann Ingram was Thomas Ingram's second wife and appears to have been the mother of the third child, Thomas. Sarah Anne's (and presumably John's) mother was Mary Price.


Cwmbelan Zion Baptist Chapel


Photos by G.Jones, August 2002. The chapel was erected in 1827 and enlarged 1860.


Edward Jerman married Sarah Anne Ingram here on 8 May 1895. At the time of the marriage Sarah Anne Ingram is recorded as living at "Belan Tavern, Cwmbelan, Llangurig".

Shortly afterwards apparently, at some time before 1901, Edward Jerman's parents, Daniel and Elizabeth Jerman appeared to have moved from nearby Glyngynwydd Mill to Belan Tavern, in Cwmbelan village and are recorded here in the 1901 census, with Daniel as Innkeeper. Also resident is Elizabeth George, aged 82, Elizabeth's mother, living here shortly before her death in October 1901. Daughter Hannah Elizabeth Jerman is shown resident, aged 13.

Later, in June 1901, on the occasion of the marriage of his second son, Daniel, in Merthyr Tydfil, Daniel Jerman's occupation is recorded on the certificate as Licensed Victualler (later known as publican).

The history of the tavern has yet to be investigated; however it seems that is connected with both the Ingram and Jerman families, and constitutes an interesting landmark in a family which later generally foreswore the consumption of alcohol and who were prominent chapel goers.

Photograph kindly provided by Norman Williams, 2002.

Belan Tavern_orig

Norman Williams writes (October 2002): "The black rectangle that you can see over the door is the name 'Belan Tavern' left over from when it was a pub. I believe it was bought about 1961 by the present owner and had been empty for about 5 years. The Ingram family were in the woolen mill on the other side of the road about 200 yards towards Llanidloes and although the old lady died fairly recently I believe, I think it is still in the family. I have had a postcard of Cwm Belan which [...]shows Belan Tavern and Post Office Row, which is next door and was occupied by the Price family until a few years ago. They'd been there for many generations I'm told."

Into the 20th Century...

The Ingram family remained connected with Cwmbelan.  Newly-weds Edward and Sarah Anne Jerman appear to have started their married life at Cwmdu, Llanidloes, then settled at Chapel House, Llanidloes.    Edward's parents, Daniel and Elizabeth moved eventually to Cwmparc, near Treorchy in the Rhondda Valley: Daniel appears to have moved first, alone, in 1910.  Elizabeth seems to have remained in Llanidloes until sometime after 1911.

At the time of the 1911 census the tavern was occupied by William Henry Jones (aged 37) and his wife Sarah (35).  William's occupation is Lead Miner.


Walter Ingram (Sarah-Ann's half-brother) was born in 1891 in Cwmbelan to parents Thomas Ingram and Ann George and grew up there.  He would have sent this postcard sometime between 1914 and 1918.

walt ingram pcard

Dear S.A and Family,

I am sending you this little photo of mine that I had taken last Saturday, at a ???? in ?South? I think I shall be home about next Saturday because I think now about enlisting on Friday.

Goodbye, Walt.

Walter Ingram was killed in France on October 5, 1918, just a month short of the end of the First World War.

 © 2013-18